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Advanced Surface Treatment
The success of dental implants is based on a process known as osseointegration, which occurs when bone cells attach themselves directly to the titanium surface, essentially locking the implant into the jaw bone. The osseointegration rate of titanium dental implants is associated with their composition and surface morphology. Rough-surfaced implants favor both bone anchoring and biomechanical stability.

PALTOP implants are treated with state of the art surface treatment procedures. This treatment includes sand-blasting, acid etching and extensive cleaning. This treatment creates macro, micro and nano surface structures, enlarging the Bone to Implant Contact (BIC), thus promoting osseointegration and early restoration.

Intended to generate nano crater shaped structures. PALTOP’s prominent surface treatment process creates macro, micro and nano surface structure which very much resembles the bone morphology. The derived structure increases the outer envelope area of the implant, thereby enlarging the boneimplant interface area, which is a dominant factor inosseointegration. The measured surface roughness is Ra 2-3 microns, which was determined as ideal topography for promoting initial stability and long term bone healing.

Rough Surfaces
PALTOP’s meticulous surface morphology is created by two sequential stages: sand blasting, aimed at creating crater shaped microgrooves, followed by acid etching



PALTOP’s surface treatment achieves the desirable outcome of a highly cleaned and safe implant surface with ideal morphology for accelerated integration, initial stability, long term bone healing and solid biological fixation of the implant.

Clean Surfaces
The success and safety of dental implants is greatly ependent on the surface composition. PALTOP’s extensive multi-stage cleaning removes undesired residues derived from manufacturing, yielding a contamination-free surface.

PALTOP’s cleaning process generates a stable titaniumoxide layer that chemically stabilizes the implant surface. The layer’s optimal thickness of 3-5nm, attracts body fluids without concealing surface orphology, thus promoting bone healing.

A unique process for obtaining surface cleanliness following protocols and standards of the semiconductor industry has been extensively developed and tested by PALTOP’s professional technology department and is currently applied on PALTOP implants.

The process was validated utilizing advanced solid state measuring technologies. Multiple tests were done using XPS standard, XPS bulk, SEM (50x for general view of contamination, and 1000x and 5000x for the microstructure of the upper implant layer), and EDS.

These high standard tests are routinely conducted in PALTOP’s manufacturing line according to PALTOP’s standard protocols and procedures in order to ensure that the products meet the predetermined surface purity.